Hepatitis C Virus and infertility
Keywords:ELISA, Hepatitis C virus, infertility
Infertility is defined by inability to conceive after one year or more of unprotected sexual intercourse. Its causes by several causes including viruses such as Hepatitis C Virus. Hepatitis C Virus is sexually transmitted virus effect on reproductive system in male and female and caused infertility. The aim of study was to finding the correlation between Hepatitis C Virus and infertility. Case control study using ELISA technique for 90 serum samples, 50 patients with infertility (males and females) selected from private laboratories in Al-Nasiriya city from November 2021 to February 2022. Inclusion criteria of subjects include male and female patients who have infertility with age range 16-46 years old. The diagnosis was based on the clinical and laboratory examinations under the supervision of a specialist physician. The control group included 40 adults per some (males and females) who have children and look healthy. Both patients and control group received a set of questions. The results showed mean age of patients and control in this study was 30.62 with higher infertility rate 43-46 years old. The results detection of anti–HCV IgM antibody the infection percentage in male was highest (92.00%) than in female. On the other hand, detection of anti–HCV IgG antibody appear the infection in female was greater (24.00%) than in male. Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) considered as risk factor to cause infertility in male and female by affecting reproductive functions in both sexes.