The impact of low doses of gamma rays on Chemical and hematological parameters for healthy people and diabetes in Thi Qar province

Authors

  • Assel M. Radhi Murad Department of Physics/ Faculty of Science / University of ÇANKIRI KARATEKİN
  • Jabbar Rashed University of Thi-Qar
  • İLYAS İNCİ ÇANKIRI KARATEKİN UNIVERSITY/FACULTY OF SCIENCE/PHYSICS DEPARTMENT

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32792/utq/utjsci/v10i2.1135

Abstract

Abstract

The objective of this study is to explore the effect of gamma irradiation on the hematological and biochemical parameters of complete blood counts for diabetic and healthy people. A total of 20 blood samples were collected from people with diabetes, and 20 samples were collected from healthy people of different ages.  The samples were analyzed before and after exposing to irradiation (0.5 mCi Cs-137 Gamma-ray standard source) using a Hematology analyzer to determine the hematological and biochemical parameters. Significant changes were observed between the control samples before and after exposing to irradiation. The results showed a significant change in the number of Red Blood Cells at 18.863 mGy/hr. compared with the control sample in healthy and unhealthy people from 4.47x106 μL to 1.82x106 μL and from 4.32x106 μL to 1.05x106 μL, respectively. The results also showed a significant change in all hematological and biochemical parameters such as WBC, PLT, Hb, Hct, Mcv, McH, and HcHc after exposing to irradiation, especially at a high dose rate of more than 5 mGy/hr. The obtained results are in a good agreement with the data that were recommended by   recognized international organizations and agencies such as the EPA, IAEA, WHO, UNSCEAR, and ICRP.

References

G.P. Talwar, L.M. Srivastava, “Textbook of Biochemistry and Human Biology”, 3rd edition, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., (2006).

Kerner, W., Brückel, J., “Definition, classification and diagnosis of diabetes mellitus. Experimental and clinical

endocrinology & diabetes”: official journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association, 122(7), 384–386, (2014).

A. D. Association, "Diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus," Diabetes care, vol. 33, pp. S62-S69, 2010.

Wi, M.; Kim, Y.; Kim, C.-H.;Lee, S.; Bae, G.-S.; Leem, J.; Chu, H. “Effectiveness and Safety of Fufang Danshen Dripping Pill (Cardiotonic Pill) on Blood Viscosity and

Hemorheological Factors for Cardiovascular Event Prevention in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus”, Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, Medicina (Kaunas, Lithuania), 59(10), 1730, (2023).

M. Abusaib, Ahmed M, Nwayyir HA, Alidrisi HA, Al-Abbood M, Al-Bayati A, Al-Ibrahimi S, Al-Kharasani A, Al-Rubaye H, Mahwi T, Ashor A, Howlett H, Shakir M, Al-Naqshbandi M, Mansour A., “Iraqi Experts Consensus on the Management of Type 2 Diabetes/Prediabetes in Adults”, Clin Med Insights Endocrinol Diabetes, 19; 13:1179551420942232, (2020).

A. A. Mansour, Al-Maliky A. A., Kasem B, Jabar A, Mosbeh KA. “Prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes mellitus in adults aged 19 years and older in Basrah, Iraq”. Diabetes Metab Syndr Obes., 7:139-144; (2014).

A.Von Eckardstein, “Diabetes mellitus”, [CME laboratory tests. Diabetes mellitus]. Praxis, 102(6), 357–361, (2013).

F. Bernadette Rodak; Jacqueline H. Carr, “Clinical Hematology Atlas “, Elsevier, 5Th edition, (2017).

S., Tsai F., & Tarng, D. C. Anemia in patients of diabetic kidney disease. Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA, 82(10), 752–755. (2019).

S. Mishra, Ranjit Kumar Upadhyay, “Strategies for the existence of spatial patterns in predator–prey communities generated by cross-diffusion, Nonlinear Analysis”: Real World Applications, Volume 51, 2020, 103018.

U. Mehdi, Toto RD. “Anemia, diabetes, and chronic kidney disease”. Diabetes Care.;32(7):1320-6. (2009).

https://idf.org/our-network/regions-and-

members/middle-east-and-north-

africa/members/iraq/

M.M.; NINKOVIC, RAICEVIC,. and ADROVIC, F., “Air Kerma Rate Constants for Nuclides Important to Gamma Ray Dosimetry Air Kerma Rate Constants for Nuclides Important to Gamma Ray Dosimetry and Practical Application and Practical Application”, Radiat. Prot. Dosim. 115, 247. (2015).

IAEA, “radiation protection in the design of radiotherapy facilities”, safety reports series No. 47, (2006).

E. A. Gale, & Gillespie, K. M. “Diabetes and gender”. Diabetologia, 44(1), 3–15. (2001).

Downloads

Article Dates

Published: 2023-12-27

How to Cite

Murad, A. M. R., Rashed, J., & İLYAS İNCİ. (2023). The impact of low doses of gamma rays on Chemical and hematological parameters for healthy people and diabetes in Thi Qar province. University of Thi-Qar Journal of Science, 10(2), 200–204. https://doi.org/10.32792/utq/utjsci/v10i2.1135