The Most Prescribed Antibiotics for Urinary Tract Infections in Pregnant Women in Nasiriya City- South of Iraq


  • Afrah Thiab Hlail college of pharmacy- Thi-Qar university



Antibiotics are  chemicals or natural compounds that act by fighting various types of bacterial  infections including urinary tract infection  in pregnant women which is considered the most vulnerable patients to such infection due to several factors which may be hormonal , anatomical etc. The aim of this recent study is to confirm a pattern of antibiotic selection used for urinary tract infection in pregnant women in Nasiriya city- South of Iraq. Ninety pharmacies were asked about the antibiotics prescribed for their patients, the doses, dosage form, dose frequency, concomitant drugs (aim from administration of these drugs with antibiotics) and adverse effect. The study period was extended from January2022 till August 2022. From this study , the most dispensed antibiotics ware Cefexime 35.5%  in a dose 400 mg  capsule every twelve hours and the most frequently   prescribed dosage form according to the physicians  feedback and the analysis of  the data was displayed the oral administration either (tablets or capsules) and it is  less commonly prescribed are paraenteral antibiotics . In this work cefixime  was the most dispended with a percent (35.5) cefixime may be due to it because there is more prescription due to safety during pregnancy  , also it  available in pharmacies


J. Wang, J. D. MacNeil, and J. F. Kay, Chemical analysis of antibiotic residues in food: John Wiley & Sons, 2011.

D. L. Lafontaine and D. Tollervey, "The function and synthesis of ribosomes," Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology, vol. 2, pp. 514-520, 2001.

P. B. Moore, "The ribosome at atomic resolution," Biochemistry, vol. 40, pp. 3243-3250, 2001.

F. Khan, "Antibiotics classification and visual target sites for bacterial inhibition," Advances in Pharmacology and Clinical Trials, vol. 3, pp. 1-3, 2018.

C. A. Smith, "Structure, function and dynamics in the mur family of bacterial cell wall ligases," Journal of molecular biology, vol. 362, pp. 640-655, 2006.

A. T. Hlail, H. R. Faraj, and W. S. Abdulredha, "The protective effect of Omega3 against amikacin-induced nephrotoxicity in rats," Systematic reviews in pharmacy, vol. 11, pp. 110-117, 2020.

F. G. Cunningham and M. J. Lucas, "7 Urinary tract infections complicating pregnancy," Baillière's clinical obstetrics and gynaecology, vol. 8, pp. 353-373, 1994.

P. Mittal and D. A. Wing, "Urinary tract infections in pregnancy," Clinics in perinatology, vol. 32, pp. 749-764, 2005.

D. A. Wing, "Pyelonephritis in pregnancy: treatment options for optimal outcomes," Drugs, vol. 61, pp. 2087-2096, 2001.

L. Warren and J. Ernest, "Medical microbiology and immunology," Hall International. Six edd. Lange Medical Books/McGraw-Hill. Medical Publishing. New York, 2000.

D. North, J. Speed, W. Weiner, and J. Morrison, "Correlation of urinary tract infection with urinary screening at the first antepartum visit," Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association, vol. 31, pp. 331-333, 1990.

N. Gleicher, Principles of medical therapy in pregnancy: Springer Science & Business Media, 2012.

B. Foxman, "Epidemiology of urinary tract infections: incidence, morbidity, and economic costs," The American journal of medicine, vol. 113, pp. 5-13, 2002.

L. C. Gilstrap III and S. M. Ramin, "Urinary tract infections during pregnancy," Obstetrics and gynecology clinics of North America, vol. 28, pp. 581-591, 2001.

J. E. Delzell Jr and M. L. Lefevre, "Urinary tract infections during pregnancy," American family physician, vol. 61, pp. 713-720, 2000.

L. M. Pastore, D. A. Savitz, J. M. Thorp, G. G. Koch, I. Hertz-Picciotto, and D. E. Irwin, "Predictors of symptomatic urinary tract infection after 20 weeks’ gestation," Journal of Perinatology, vol. 19, pp. 488-493, 1999.

V. T. Andriole and T. F. Patterson, "Epidemiology, natural history, and management of urinary tract infections in pregnancy," The Medical clinics of North America, vol. 75, pp. 359-373, 1991.

L. Jabbar, A. Thiab, F. Khalaf, and A. Kadhem, "NSAIDs pattern of use in Nasiriya City-South of Iraq," analgesia, vol. 52, pp. 13-23, 1996.

A. Barry, "Antimicrobial agents for community-acquired respiratory tract infections," Infection, vol. 23, pp. S59-S64, 1995.


Article Dates

Published: 2023-12-25

How to Cite

Afrah Thiab Hlail. (2023). The Most Prescribed Antibiotics for Urinary Tract Infections in Pregnant Women in Nasiriya City- South of Iraq. University of Thi-Qar Journal of Science, 10(2), 122–125.