Assessment of Healthcare Workers' Knowledge to Occupational hazards in Some Hospitals of Thi-Qar Governorate /Iraq

Authors

  • mohamed alwshah , College of Health & Medical Technology - Basrah
  • Mahmood Salim Thamer College of Health & Medical Technology - Basra/ Southern Technical University
  • Ali Ghanim Gatea Anesthesia Department/ Basra Technical Institute/ Southern Technical University

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.32792/utq/utjsci/v10i2.1083

Keywords:

Knowledge, occupation hazards, healthcare workers.

Abstract

Employees in the healthcare industry operate in one of the riskiest workplaces Healthcare employees suffer a number of dangers as a result of their job last activities in addition to the usual workplace-related risks. These risks come from a variety of sources including biological, physical, psychological, and chemical agents. The study's objectives were to investigate the levels of knowledge held by medical and paramedical personnel regarding occupational dangers in their workplaces. Moreover, the relationships between various demographic characteristics of these staff members and their knowledge of such hazards were investigated. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out in hospitals, During the period of November 5th, 2022 to February 10th, 2023. A number of 355 people were participated in the study, information about (Knowledge) the data was collected through a structured questionnaire and the data was collected using self-report Technique. Regarding the Knowledge, the results of the present study showed that all responses regarding the preceding domain had a moderate evaluation. Also, the result show that the health care worker knowledge impact with education level and the year of age and year of experience. Depending on the collected results, it can be concluded that the medical and paramedical staff had below good (moderate) Knowledge regarding the occupational hazards in their working environment.

References

l. awudu, “occupational health and safety practices among healthcare workers in some selected hospitals in tamale metropolis by,” bitkom res., vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 1–3, 2018, [online].

B. Osungbemiro, O. Adejumo, A. Akinbodewa, and A. Adelosoye, “Assessment of occupational health safety and hazard among government health workers in Ondo City, Southwest Nigeria,” Br. J. Med. Med. Res., vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 1–8, 2016.

O. O. Aluko, A. E. Adebayo, T. F. Adebisi, M. K. Ewegbemi, A. T. Abidoye, and B. F. Popoola, “Knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of occupational hazards and safety practices in Nigerian healthcare workers,” BMC Res. Notes, vol. 9, no. 1, 2016, doi: 10.1186/s13104-016-1880-2.

C. Davis, M. Lackovic, and C. Singleton, “Occupational health brief: low back pain disorders in Louisiana workers,” Saf Heal, vol. 2011, pp. 1–3, 2011.

E. M. Mbaisi, P. Wanzala, J. Omolo, and others, “Prevalence and factors associated with percutaneous injuries and splash exposures among health-care workers in a provincial hospital, Kenya, 2010,” Pan Afr. Med. J., vol. 14, no. 1, 2013.

T. Bekele, A. Gebremariam, M. Kaso, and K. Ahmed, “Factors associated with occupational needle stick and sharps injuries among hospital healthcare workers in Bale Zone, Southeast Ethiopia,” PLoS One, vol. 10, no. 10, p. e0140382, 2015.

T. Lantta, M. Anttila, R. Kontio, C. E. Adams, and M. Välimäki, “Violent events, ward climate and ideas for violence prevention among nurses in psychiatric wards: a focus group study,” Int. J. Ment. Health Syst., vol. 10, pp. 1–10, 2016.

WHO, “Rapid risk assessment of acute public health events,” 2012.

A. R. Isara and A. N. Ofili, “Prevalence of occupational accidents/Injuries among health care workers in a federal medical centre in southern Nigeria,” West Afr. J. Med., vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 47–51, 2012.

K.-T. Rim and C.-H. Lim, “Biologically hazardous agents at work and efforts to protect workers’ health: a review of recent reports,” Saf. Health Work, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 43–52, 2014.

A. H. Elewa, S. Hassan, and A. El, “Occupational Hazards as Perceived by Nursing Interns and Protective Measures,” IOSR J. Nurs. Heal. Sci., vol. 5, no. 6, pp. 107–118, 2016, doi: 10.9790/1959-050601107118.

M. C. Nwankwo, “Occupational Health Hazards and Health outcomes among health workers, the determinants and compliance to safety standards in the health facilities in Kigali City, Rwanda,” JKUAT-COHES, 2019.

S. H. Faris et al., “Knowledge, attitude and practice of occupational hazard among nursing staff at teaching hospitals in Kerbala City, South-Central Iraq,” Indian J. Public Heal. Res. Dev., vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 1147–1152, 2018, doi: 10.5958/0976-5506.2018.00956.7.

Y. Shi et al., “Prevalence of occupational exposure and its influence on job satisfaction among Chinese healthcare workers: A large-sample, cross-sectional study,” BMJ Open, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 1–10, 2020, doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-031953.

S. M. Hasan, S. M. Hassoun, and L. H. Ali, “Attitudes and practices regarding occupational hazards among a sample of medical and paramedical staff in Baghdad governorate,” Heal. Educ. Heal. Promot., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 1–12, 2022.

T. A. Aziz, R. R. H. Amin, Z. A. Ahmed, H. J. Sleman, and B. H. Aziz, “Occupational Toxicity and Health Hazards of the Healthcare Providers at Healthcare Facilities in Sulaimani City, Iraq,” Iraqi J. Pharm. Sci., vol. 30, no. 2, pp. 41–49, 2021, doi: 10.31351/vol30iss2pp41-49.

F. H. Daham, A. K. Jasim, and K. Y. Zakair, “Study and assess the occupation hazards to health workers in the City Of Kut/ Wassit,” Indian J. Forensic Med. Toxicol., vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1645–1651, 2020, doi: 10.37506/ijfmt.v14i4.11778.

D. M. Dhahir and N. Y. Al Mayahi, “Assessment of Health Workers Knowledge toward Occupational Health and Safety Program in Alkut City’s Primary Health Care Centers,” Medico-Legal Updat, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 1536–1541, 2021.

S. Nazarov et al., “Chronic diseases and employment: Which interventions support the maintenance of work and return to work among workers with chronic illnesses? a systematic review,” Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 1–14, 2019, doi: 10.3390/ijerph16101864.

S. Ahmed and O. Shareef, “Assessment of Occupational Health and Safety Measures’ Knowledge and Experienced Types of Hazards among Nursing Staff in Rania Hospital,” Erbil J. Nurs. Midwifery, vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 85–92, 2019, doi: 10.15218/ejnm.2019.11.

G. Abuduxike, S. Acar Vaizoglu, O. Asut, and S. Cali, “An Assessment of the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Toward Standard Precautions Among Health Workers From a Hospital in Northern Cyprus,” Saf. Health Work, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 66–73, 2021, doi: 10.1016/j.shaw.2020.09.003.

S. Mossburg, A. Agore, M. Nkimbeng, and Y. Commodore-Mensah, “Occupational hazards among healthcare workers in africa: A systematic review,” Ann. Glob. Heal., vol. 85, no. 1, pp. 1–13, 2019, doi: 10.5334/aogh.2434.

T. D. Yazie, G. B. Sharew, and W. Abebe, “Knowledge, attitude, and practice of healthcare professionals regarding infection prevention at Gondar University referral hospital, northwest Ethiopia: a cross-sectional study,” BMC Res. Notes, vol. 12, no. 1, p. 563, 2019, doi: 10.1186/s13104-019-4605-5.

M. Dita, T. B. Atmojo, Y. Sari, and T. N. Susilawati, “The Correlation Between Knowledge About Occupational Accidents and Safe Work Behaviors Among Employees at the Production Division of PT X Indonesia,” KnE Life Sci., vol. 4, no. 12, p. 123, 2019, doi: 10.18502/kls.v4i12.4165.

L. Markovic-Denic, N. Maksimovic, V. Marusic, J. Vucicevic, I. Ostric, and D. Djuric, “Occupational exposure to blood and body fluids among health-care workers in Serbia,” Med. Princ. Pract., vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 36–41, 2015, doi: 10.1159/000368234.

Downloads

Article Dates

Published: 2023-12-22

How to Cite

alwshah, mohamed, Mahmood Salim Thamer, & Ali Ghanim Gatea. (2023). Assessment of Healthcare Workers’ Knowledge to Occupational hazards in Some Hospitals of Thi-Qar Governorate /Iraq. University of Thi-Qar Journal of Science, 10(2), 53–59. https://doi.org/10.32792/utq/utjsci/v10i2.1083

Issue

Section

Articles

Categories