The Prevalence of Thyroid disorders in Nasiriya City, Iraq
Keywords:Thyroid disorders, TSH, T3, T4, BMI
Abstract—. Thyroid disorders are the second biggest
endocrine problem in society after diabetes.
Environmental and genetic factors lead to the
development of thyroid disorders. So this study designed
to determine the prevalence of thyroid disorders in
Nasiriya city . One hundred-twenty subjects for both
genders involved in this study , 80 of whom were
patients, and 40 of healthy people. A blood sample and
personal information was collected from all . The levels
of thyroid hormones was estimate by Cobas e411 Electeo
Chemiluminescence Immunoassay (ECLI). The study
found that the incidence of female was more than male
(77.5% , 22.5%) and the ratio was 3.4:1. The results
showed hypothyroidism disorder more prevalence than
hyperthyroidism , and (83.64%) of hypothyroidism
were female, and only (16.36%) were male, also (64%)
of hyperthyroidism were female while male represented
only (36%) of them. The majority of patients were in
ages between 35-46 years. The results indicated that
(43.75%) of patients had a family history, (26.25%)
diagnosed with hypothyroidism and (17.5%) diagnosed
with hyperthyroidism . It was concluded that thyroid
disorders, especially hypothyroidism, constitute a serious
concern for public health, and middle-aged people and
females were the category most susceptible to thyroid
] Y. M. M Azahir,., A. H. Tarig, , E.Rashid, , A.Abd
Elwahab, , A. M. B Haghamad,., and E. T. Mohamed
ALHassan,. Association of Serum Auto-Antibodies and
Thyroid Function Test in Patients With Non-Neoplastic
Thyroid Diseases in Shendi Locality, Sudan. International
Journal of Research -Granthalaayah, vol.10 (2), pp:179-
S., Anandkumar, J. Chacko, , and M. Usha,. Thyroid
Disorder: An Overview. Research Journal of Pharmacology
and Pharmacodynamics, 12(1), 1-4, 2020 .
L. Chaker, , AC Bianco , J. Jonklaas , , and , RP.,
Peeters. Hypothyroidism. Lancet, vol. 390(10101), pp:
-1562, 2017 .
P. N Taylor,., D.Albrecht, , A.Scholz, , G.GutierrezBuey, , J. H Lazarus,., C. M Dayan,., and O. E. Okosieme,
Global epidemiology of hyperthyroidism and
hypothyroidism. Nature Reviews Endocrinology, vol.
(5),pp: 301-316, 2018.
L.Chiovato, , F Magri,., and A.Carlé, Hypothyroidism in
context: where we’ve been and where we’re
going. Advances in therapy, 36, 47-58, 2019 .
S. H., Al-Hindawi, N. M. Luaibi, and B. H. AlGhurabei, Possible use of saliva as a diagnostic tool in
hypothyroidism. Journal of Bioscience and
Biotechnology, vol. 6(3), pp: 539-542, 2017.
S. A.Wilson, , L. A. Stem, , and R. D. Bruehlman,
Hypothyroidism: diagnosis and treatment. American family
physician, vol. 103(10), pp: 605-613,2021.
M. P.Baruah, , S.Duttachoudhury, , M. Saikia, , U. K
Saikia ., S. B. Bhuyan, , A. Bhowmick, , A.R. Bora, , and
M. Barkakoti, Guwahati thyroid epidemiology study: High
prevalence of primary hypothyroidism among the adult
population of Guwahati city. Thyroid Research and
Practice, 16(1), 12-19, 2019 .
G. C., Di Renzo, E., Fonseca, E., Gratacos, S., Hassan,
M., Kurtser, and V. Tosto, . Good clinical practice advice:
Thyroid and pregnancy. International Journal of
Gynecology and Obstetrics, vol.144(3), pp: 347-351,2019.
K. D. Baite, , A.Lukram, , J.Baite, , and S. Y. Meitei,
Association of Anthropometric and Body Adiposity
Measures with Thyroid Dysfunction in Clinical Settings of
Manipur, Northeast India. Journal of Health and Allied
Sciences NU, vol.13(01),pp: 032-037, 2023
P. V Voulgari,., A. I Venetsanopoulou,., N. Kalpourtzi,
, M. Gavana, , A Vantarakis,., C., Hadjichristodoulou, G.,
Chlouverakis, G. Trypsianis, , Y., Alamanos, , G.,
Touloumiand EMENO study groupThyroid dysfunction in
Greece: Results from the national health examination survey
EMENO. Plos one,vol. 17pp: (3), e0264388. , 2022
R. S., Kawther, , R. T., Lak and S. M. Z. Abdullah The
role of anti-TPO as an additional analytical marker in
thyroid disease patients in Erbil City. Diyala Journal of
Medicine,vol. 23(2)pp, 120-130, 2022.
D.Yumnam, , N. K., Kansal, R.Kant, , and N. K.
Kansal, Association of Psoriasis with Thyroid Disorders: A
Hospital-Based, Cross-Sectional Study. Cureus Journal of
Medical Science, vol. pp:14(3) ,2022 .
S. R Rai,., and S. A Dugar, Cross Sectional Study on
The Prevalence of Thyroid Associated Disorders in People
(Aged> 30 Years) of Kolkata. Editorial Board, vol.
M. H Al-Qahtani., , S. A ElYahia., A. S., AlQahtani, ,
A. J AlQahtani. , A. A Alamer., S. M., AlQahtani,
A.Yousef, , W. Albuali, , B., Awary A.A, Aldajani, and M.
A. Al Ghamdi,. Thyroid Disorders Spectrum in Pediatric
Endocrine Clinic; Seven-Year Experience of a Teaching
Hospital in Saudi Arabia. Children, vol. 10(2), pp ; 390,
M. N., Hlail, and A. H. Mohammed . Investigation of
Parvovirus B19 in Hashimoto thyroiditis. University of ThiQar Journal of Science, vol.9(1), pp: 52-55, 2022.
B., Zaman, S. O., Rasool, S. M., Sabri, G. A., Raouf,
Balatay, A. A., M. A Abdulhamid,., D.Hussein, , S.K., l
Odisho, S.T., George, S.M., Hassan, R.F., Salman, and M.
Benyamin, Prevalence of thyroid dysfunctions in a large,
unselected population in Duhok city, Iraqi Kurdistan: A
cross-sectional study. Journal of Biological ResearchBollettino della Società Italiana di Biologia
Sperimentale,vol. pp: 94(2) , 2021 .
M. M. Bodiuzzaman, Hypothyroidism and its
comorbidities-an observational study at a general
hospital. KYAMC Journal, vol. 12(4),pp: 222-225 , 2022.
L. M. Yosuf, . Study The correlation Between Thyroid
Disorder and Chronic Kidney Failure. University of Thi-Qar
Journal of Science, vol.9(2),pp: 59-65,2022.
R. A.,Lghewish, I. K., Alshibly, and K. C. Hasan, Role
of Cytokines in The Pathogenesis of Thyroid Disease
Among Iraqi Patients. Plant Archives, 20(2), 6101-6108.
Y. A. Kim, , and Y. J. Park, .Prevalence and risk factors
of subclinical thyroid disease. Endocrinology and
metabolism, vol.29(1),pp: 20-29,2014.
A. H., Abed, and M. F. Altaee . Immunological
Assessment of Human Adenosine Deaminase Activity in
Iraqi Female with Thyroid Autoimmune Disease. The
Egyptian Journal of Hospital
A. C. Y. Al-Fatlawi, .An evaluation of blood glucose
and lipid profile in female hypothyroidism patients in
Kerbala province, Iraq. Biomedicine, vol.42(3), pp: 556-
H. R. M., Saeed, S. A., Abdulsattar, and A. Y AlSamarriae,. (2023). The Association of Leptin Levels in
Iraqi Women with Newly Diagnosed Thyroid
Dysfunction. The Egyptian Journal of Hospital
Medicine,vol. 90(1),pp: 943-947,2023 .
H. M., Obaid, A. J. A., Abusiba, and S. R. Majeed
.Comparing the Concentrations of Thyroid Stimulating
Hormone and Thyroid Hormone in Females with
Hypothyroidism and Hyperthyroidism in Iraq. Journal of
Pharmaceutical Negative Results, vol.13(3), pp: 878-
R.,Kumari, G. P., Singh, and K. A. D.Narayan . A
Hospital-Based Assessment of the Proportion of Thyroid
Dysfunction in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes.
International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical A.,
Research, vol.14(11), pp;95-100, 2022 .
H. Y., Abdulrazaq, and A. F. Hussein, Obesity and
Graves’ Disease, Possible Association. Journal of
Pharmaceutical Negative Results, vol .pp: 226-229, 2022..
Amouzegar, E., Kazemian, H., Abdi, M. A.,
Mansournia, M., Bakhtiyari, M. S., Hosseini, and F. Azizi,
Association between thyroid function and development of
different obesity phenotypes in euthyroid adults: a nineyear follow-up. Thyroid, vol.28(4), pp: 458-464, 2018 ..
J., Karmisholt, S., Andersen, and P. Laurberg,
Weight loss after therapy of hypothyroidism is mainly
caused by excretion of excess body water associated with
myxoedema. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and
Metabolism, vol. 96(1), pp: E99-E103, 2011 .
F. N. Shakor. Assessment of the clinical concern
about the non-malignant thyroid disorders in
Sulaimaniyah city–Kurdistan Region–Iraq. kufa Journal
for Nursing sciences, vol. 9(2) ,2019 .
S., Sana, S. R., Sajon, Rana, S., and Z. Mostarin, A
Short Review on Congenital Hypothyroidism,
Environmental Thyroiditis and Current Status of Thyroid
Disease in Bangladesh. Pharma Innovation, vol. 6(10),
pp: 328-335, 2017.
B. H.,Abood, and A. J. Alhussaynei, A Comparison
Thyroid Function Test Between Patient Group and
Control Group Among Women Had Thyroid
Disorders. Pakistan Journal of Medical & Health
Sciences,vol. 16(07),pp: 608-612,2022)..
K. A. R Fatih,., Z. K., Kiraz, E., Kocatürk, and U. S.
L. U.Sema . The level of serum C-reactive protein and
neutrophil lymphocyte ratio according to thyroid function
status. Clinical and Experimental Health Sciences, 10(2),
O. F. Fawzi, Plasma Levels of MDA and Lipid
Profile in Patients with Hyperthyroidism. World Bulletin
of Public Health,vol. 18, pp: 105-109,2023.
S., Ibrahim, A., Al-Rawashdeh, R., Al-Qudah, M.,
Barakat, and A. Al-Bsoul, Characteristics of
thyrotoxicosis among thyroid patients and their quality of
life in a teaching hospital in Jordan: A cross-sectional
study. Pharmacy Practice, vol.20(1),pp: 1-7, 2022 .
B. A.,Qasim, M. J.,Ahmed, and A. A. Mohammed .
Lipid profile IN subclinical hypothyroidism: a two centers
experience. Duhok Medical Journal, vol.13(1), pp:56-
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 University of Thi-Qar Journal of Science
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.